Child Safety Laws New York
Every child under age 16 in the vehicle must use a safety restraint. If under age four, he or she must be properly secured in a federally-approved child safety seat that is attached to a vehicle by a safety belt or universal child restraint anchorage (LATCH) system. A child under age four who weighs more than 40 pounds may be restrained in a booster seat with a lap and shoulder belt. A child of age 4, 5, 6 or 7, must use a booster seat with lap and shoulder belt or a child safety seat (The child and safety restraint system must meet the height and weight recommendations of the restraint manufacturer.)
The best car seat is the one that fits your child properly, fits your vehicle correctly, and is easy to use so that you will use it correctly every time the child rides in a car. Choose a car seat that is appropriate for your child's age, size, and developmental and physical needs. The best way to ensure a proper fit in your vehicle is to try installing the child seat before purchasing.
No. Vests that meet the Federal Motor Vehicle Standard 213 are available, but they cannot be used instead of a car seat. The law specifies a seat. However, vests that meet FMVSS 213 may be used as an alternate to booster seats for children ages 4, 5, 6 and 7.
You will find available training courses listed in our Child Passenger Safety Technician Training Course Calendar. To get more information about these training courses, or if you have questions about the program, please contact the Governor's Traffic Safety Committee.
It is not illegal under NY State law for a child passenger to ride in the front seat of a vehicle that has a passenger air bag, but it is dangerous. Recent studies show that air bags can cause serious or fatal injuries to infants, children or small adults that sit in the passenger-side front seat. It is also normally safer for a child of any age to ride in the back seat of any vehicle. For the best child passenger protection in your vehicle
New York State law requires that large school buses manufactured after July 1, 1987, be equipped with seat belts, and that schools make them accessible to each vehicle occupant. Every school bus driver is required to wear a seat belt, and children under the age of four must ride in properly installed, federally-certified child safety seats. Each school district sets its own policy for seat belt use by the other passengers.
A seat belt absorbs the force of impact in a traffic crash and reduces your risk of being killed or injured. It holds you securely to help prevent you from striking hard objects inside the vehicle while being tossed around. You are less likely to be thrown (ejected) through the vehicle's windshield or doors - and vehicle ejection usually results in death.
The Legislature of the STATE OF NEW YORK ss: Pursuant to the authority vested in us by section 70-b of the Public Officers Law, we hereby jointly certify that this slip copy of this session law was printed under our direction and, in accordance with such section, is entitled to be read into evidence.