Child Safety On The Information Highway
This document was written by SafeKids.com founder and ConnectSafely.org co-director, Larry Magid. The first several editions of Child Safety on the Information Highway were published and copyrighted by the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children (NCMEC). However this version has been completely re-written and updated. NCMEC has retired its version of the guide, but has excellent resources on its website. Larry Magid serves on NCMEC’s board of directors but does not speak for the organization. The views expressed in this edition are entirely his own. Click here for the 1998 version of the guide.
It’s certainly a good idea for children and teens to be careful when communicating with people they don’t know in person and, if the conversation starts to be about sex or physical details, that’s a very good time to bail out. Research has shown that talking about sex with strangers is one of the most dangerous things a young person can do online.
Unlike the first edition of this booklet, there’s no need to list all of the great things you can do online. But suffice it to say that the Internet has revolutionized the way we communicate, shop, drive, travel, get our news and, increasingly, the way we learn and teach. It’s still a very young medium so there is a lot more growth ahead. but the Net has already had a profound — and extremely positive — impact that will only increase over time. One big change over the past decade has been the growth of user-supplied content.
The number in the “100% Use Expected Totals“ column are the number of persons killed and injured we would have expected if every occupant that was not wearing a seat belt had been wearing a seat belt. These numbers are based on estimates by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration that seat belts are 50% effective in preventing fatalities and serious injuries.
The software allows local agencies to store the crash information locally and transmit the data to the OHS electronically. This allows easy access to the data for each local agency, eliminates the need for local agencies to keep paper copies on hand, eliminates the need to print off a copy of the report and mail it to the OHS, and eliminates the need to re-key the data into our database.
For example, in Nez Perce County, 3 people were killed that were not wearing seat belts. Assuming they had all been wearing seat belts, half of them would have survived and half would have been killed. To get the expected number killed, we take half of the persons not wearing seat belts that were killed = 1.5 plus the 2 that were killed wearing a seat belt is equal to 4 (3.5 rounds up to 4). Add that to the unknown seat belt use, and you would have expected to have 4 people killed (instead of 5) if everyone had been wearing a seat belt. The other 1 (that would have survived) is added into the serious injuries. The expected number of serious injuries is equal to the number of belted serious injuries plus half of the unbelted serious injuries plus half of the unbelted people killed plus the people with unknown belt use. (19 + (9/2) + (1.5 prevented fatalities) + 3) = (19 + 4.5 + 1.5 + 3) = 28. For simplicity, we assume that the serious injuries that would have been prevented became visible injuries.