Child Safety Information and Resources 2019 21-35-55


Child Safety Laws In India

160. Press Trust of India. Over 70,000 missing children rescued under MHA drive: Rajnath. September 26, 2017.

In 2017, the government amended the Child and Adolescent Labour Act’s hazardous work list to include a schedule of occupations and processes in which children under age 18 are prohibited to work along with a further list of occupations and processes in which children under age 14 are prohibited from working in family enterprises. (107; 106) The government also developed Standard Operating Procedures for Enforcement of the Act. (117)

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The government has established institutional mechanisms for the enforcement of laws and regulations on child labor, including its worst forms (Table 5). However, gaps exist within the operations of the State Government Labor Inspectorates that may hinder adequate enforcement of their child labor laws.

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44. Venketakrishnan, Amritha and Vidya Padmanabhan. Lives in Sivakasi at Stake as Families Make Fireworks at Home. October 25, 2011.

106. Government of India. Child Labor (Prohibition and Regulation) Act (as amended), Act 61 and Act 35. Enacted: 1986, July 10, 2006 and July 30, 2016.;

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22. Press Trust of India. 8 minor boys rescued from human trafficking. Business Standard. May 5, 2016.

7. Venkateswarlu, Davuluri. Cotton’s Forgotten Children: Child Labour and Below Minimum Wages in Hybrid Cottonseed Production in India. Utrecht. July 2015.

89. Express News Service. 30 child workers rescued from Bangalore leather units. The Indian Express. October 17, 2014.

80. International Justice Mission. Ten Rescued from Grueling Rock Quarry, Including Kids Born into Slavery. May 24, 2016.

6. UCW. Analysis of Child Economic Activity and School Attendance Statistics from National Household or Child Labor Surveys. Original data from National Child Activity Survey (SIMPOC), 2013. Analysis received January 12, 2018. Please see “Children's Work and Education Statistics: Sources and Definitions” in the Reference Materials section of this report.

In 2017, the government funded and participated in programs that include the goal of eliminating or preventing child labor (Table 10). However, gaps exist in these social programs, including barriers to education encountered by marginalized communities.

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1. India Committee of the Netherlands. Unfree and Unfair: Poor Living Conditions and Restricted Freedom of Movement of Young Migrant Garment Workers in Bangalore. Utrecht. January 2016.

20. Press Trust of India. 91 Child Workers Rescued in Ganjam. The New Indian Express. July 13, 2015.

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104. Iqbal, Mohammed. Dalit children narrate heart-wrenching tales at public hearing. The Hindu. January 2, 2018.

142. Ministry of Labour and Employment. Annual Report of the Ministry of Labour and Employment 2014-2015. 2015.

The government has established laws and regulations related to child labor (Table 4). However, gaps exist in India’s legal framework to adequately protect children from child labor, including the prohibition of recruitment of children by state and non-state armed groups.

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Children in India engage in the worst forms of child labor, including in forced labor producing garments and quarrying stones. Children also perform dangerous tasks in producing bricks. (1; 2; 3; 4) Table 1 provides key indicators on children’s work and education in India.

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