Child Safety Laws In India
9. Prayas Center for Labor Research and Action. Investigating Incidence of Child Labor in Cotton Ginning Factories of Gujarat. International Labor Rights Forum. August 2012. http://www.laborrights.org/sites/default/files/publications-and-resources/Child%20Labor%20in%20Cotton%20Ginning%20Report.pdf.
The recruitment of children under age 18 by non-state armed groups is not criminally prohibited. (118) In addition, though sources report that the minimum age for voluntary recruitment into India’s Armed Forces is 16 and that individuals must be 18 to be deployed, research did not uncover a copy of the pertinent legislation. (119)
108. —. Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, Act No. 19. Enacted: February 9, 1976. http://www.childlineindia.org.in/CP-CR-Downloads/Bonded%20Labour%20System%20(Abolition)%20Act%201976%20and%20Rules.pdf.
45. Ernst & Young. Sustainability in the Leather Supply Chain. June 2013. http://www.mvonederland.nl/system/files/media/research_on_sustainability_in_the_leather_supply_chain_final_report_june_2013.pdf.
47. Rao, Mohit M. Your cheap shoes may have been made by children. The Hindu. November 9, 2016. http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/bangalore/Your-cheap-shoes-may-have-been-made-by-children/article16091788.ece.
59. Harris, Gardiner. Children Toil in India’s Mines, Despite Legal Ban. New York Times. February 25, 2013. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/26/world/asia/in-india-missing-school-to-work-in-the-mine.html?_r=0.
46. Doherty, Ben. Poor children made to stitch sports balls in sweatshops. Sydney Morning Herald. September 22, 2012. http://www.smh.com.au/national/poor-children-made-to-stitch-sports-balls-in-sweatshops-20120921-26c0z.html.
48. India Committee of the Netherlands. Do Leather Workers Matter? Violating Labour Rights and Environmental Norms in India’s Leather Production. Utrecht. March 2017. http://www.indianet.nl/pdf/DoLeatherWorkersMatter.pdf.
32. Rights Education and Development Centre (READ). Baseline Study on the Status of Young Women and Girls Working under Sumangali Scheme at Textile Industries in Erode District. 2014. http://dsnuk.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/Baseline-study-on-the-status-of-young-women-and-girls-working-under-Sumangali-scheme-at-textile-industries-in-Erode-district.pdf.
40. Srivastava, Roli. Nearly 200 more child workers freed as crackdown continues in south India. Reuters. January 17, 2017. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-india-children-labour/nearly-200-more-child-workers-freed-as-crackdown-continues-in-south-india-idUSKBN1511TT.
63. Cunico, Kane, et al. For India’s stolen children, a journey into slavery. Channel NewsAsia. July 14, 2016. http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/for-india-s-stolen-children-a-journey-into-slavery-7915944.
154. Rajitha, S. State action plan against child labour gets approval. The New Indian Express. May 7, 2017. http://www.newindianexpress.com/cities/hyderabad/2017/may/07/state-action-plan-against-child-labour--gets-approval-1602053.html.
In 2017, criminal law enforcement agencies in India took actions to combat child labor (Table 7). However, gaps exist within the operations of the criminal enforcement agencies that may hinder adequate criminal law enforcement, including that not all states report the number of investigations, violations found, prosecutions initiated, and convictions.
31. Delaney, Annie and Tim Conner. Forced Labor in the Textile and Garment Sector in Tamil Nadu, South India. Corporate Accountability Research. 2016. https://corporateaccountabilityresearch.net/s/NJM13_sumangali.pdf.
105. Press Trust of India. Cabinet nod to anti-child labour ILO conventions historic: Satyarthi. The Economic Times. April 4, 2017. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/cabinet-nod-to-anti-child-labour-ilo-conventions-historic-satyarthi/articleshow/58015665.cms.
101. Wainwright, Oliver. Bloodbricks: How India's urban boom is build on slave labour. The Guardian. January 8, 2014. http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/architecture-design-blog/2014/jan/08/blood-bricks-india-urbanisation-human-rights-slave-labour.
55. AFP. Children labour to bring sparkle to make-up. The Times of India. October 12, 2015. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Children-labour-to-bring-sparkle-to-make-up/articleshow/49318509.cms?.
The penalties for violating the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act are likely insufficient to deter employers from hiring children. (118) Penalties include imprisonment for 6 months to 2 years and/or fines ranging from $300 to $700. (106)
43. Madhukalya, Amrita. Andhra Pradesh cracker unit deaths bring back focus on child labor. DNA. October 21, 2014. http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-andhra-pradesh-cracker-unit-deaths-bring-back-focus-on-child-labour-2027987.
76. Express News Service. Bonded Labourers Rescued From Rice Mill in Red Hills. The New Indian Express, Chenna. December 18, 2015. http://www.newindianexpress.com/cities/chennai/Bonded-Labourers-Rescued-From-Rice-Mill-in-Red-Hills/2015/12/18/article3183341.ece1.
133. Press Trust of India. Over 500 minors rescued in anti-human trafficking drive in Rajasthan. Hindustan Times. June 23, 2017. http://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/over-500-minors-rescued-in-anti-human-trafficking-drive-in-rajasthan/story-Ja1ucixYNMgu1swGyeRwwJ.html.