Child Car Seat Rules Ontario
To find a public health unit, check the blue pages of your phone book, call the ServiceOntario information line at 1-800-268-4686, or visit the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care: Public Health Units.
In Ontario, if your child has a special need (such as a medical condition that does not allow your child to use a conventional child car seat), you may choose to use a child restraint system that complies with federal safety standards governing alternative restraints for children with special needs (i.e. CMVSS 213.3 and 213.5)
The National Safety Mark (NSM) is the property of the Government of Canada and its use is authorized by the Minister of Transport to manufacturers and/or importers of new vehicles and vehicle restraint systems offered for sale in Canada. Transport Canada requires the manufacturers and/or importers that are authorized to affix the mark, to have the capability to certify their vehicle or restraint system production to comply with the regulations under the Motor Vehicle Safety Act.
Seat belts are designed to protect older children and adults. Once a child can sit against the back of the vehicle seat with their legs bent comfortably over the edge, and they can maintain this position for the entire trip, they are ready to move from the booster seat to the vehicle seat belt.
At this stage, there are 2 designs—infant only seats and convertible seat, which are larger. Until children are 1 year old, 22 pounds AND have the ability to walk without help, they must always face the rear of the vehicle. Keep your child rear-facing for as long as possible: well past 1 year old. Watch a video about how to secure your baby in a rear-facing seat and correctly install it in your vehicle (Parachute Canada).
To install a forward-facing child car seat, fasten the tether strap to the tether anchor. Using your body weight, push the child car seat down into the vehicle seat then fasten and tighten the seat belt or UAS strap. When it’s properly installed, it will move no more than 2.5 cm (1 in.) where the seat belt or UAS strap passes through the child car seat. Make sure the harness straps are at or slightly above the child´s shoulders and are snug, with only one finger width between the strap and the child’s chest. Place the chest clip at armpit level.
When a child outgrows the maximum weight or height limits of an infant rear-facing car seat, they may move to a larger convertible infant/child car seat and stay rear-facing until the child is ready to face forward.
When you buy a child car seat for use in Canada, look for the National Safety Mark label attached to the seat. This label indicates that the seat complies with Canadian regulations and standards and is legal for use in Canada.
All seats that are on the Canadian market must bear theNational Safety Mark attesting to the fact that the authorized manufacturer is certifying that the seat meets the prescribed Canadian safety standards. Transport Canada monitors the manufacturers’ testing and certification programs through its own independent compliance-testing program. Transport Canada does not endorse individual products, nor does it rank or rate them against each other as all seats of a particular kind must achieve the same minimum level of performance, as referenced in the regulations. The level of safety provided by a seat ultimately depends on the unique conditions of a collision, including the appropriate use and proper installation of the seat using the available restraint systems (belts, anchorages, etc.) of the vehicle.