Child Safety Laws New York
Always read the instructions and the information provided in the vehicle owner manual about the use of child safety seats or child restraint systems. Make sure you install and use the seat or system correctly at all times. Never use an infant seat in the front seat of a vehicle that has a passenger-side air bag. Make sure that other passengers use their seat belts.
If you are pregnant, your seat belt can help protect yourself and the baby you are expecting. Make sure the lap belt is low on your hips, under your abdomen, and the shoulder belt is resting closely and comfortably across your chest and shoulder.
§ 6. This act shall take effect on the thirtieth day after it shall have become a law provided that any rules and regulations necessary for the timely implementation of this act shall be promulgated on or before such effective date.
Public transportation buses are exempt from the occupant restraint law. However, children under the age of four must be restrained in a federally approved car seat while riding on a school bus. As of November 1, 2017, the law applies to taxi and livery drivers and all front seat passengers are required to wear a seat belt.
If you are in violation of the child seat safety laws in New York State, then you can be held liable. The driver of the vehicle is responsible for restraining passengers who are under the age of 16, and if the driver fails to do so, then he or she can be handed a fine of $25 at minimum, and up to a maximum of $200. The offense also results in three points being assessed to the driver’s license.
There are several kinds of child passenger safety training courses available. These range from a basic three-hour awareness class introducing crash dynamics and the complexities of safety seat installation to an intensive four-day certified technician training course. A few of the training programs that are available include:
§1394-b. Requirement to check sex offender registry. Every person, firm, limited liability company and corporation which operates a traveling summer day camp shall be required, prior to hiring any individual, to ascertain whether such individual is listed on the state sex offender registry pursuant to article six-C of the correction law.
There are four basic types of child safety seats available: infant, convertible, forward-facing only and booster. The one you use depends upon the weight and height of the child. It is important to always read the child safety seat manufacturer's instructions for installation and use.
An air bag provides extra protection against crash injuries. It works with seat belts, and does not replace them. An air bag helps protect a front-seat occupant in a head-on or side crash by inflating upon impact. This rapid inflation cushions the occupant from collision with the steering-wheel, dashboard, windshield, side windows, or metal doorframe.
A booster seat can be used only with a lap and shoulder belt together. If all the combination lap and shoulder belt positions in the vehicle are already occupied by children using child safety seats or booster seats, a child who ordinarily would use a booster seat should be restrained using only the lap belt.